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Technological advances were made and many of these advances are used even in today's society. Following both the Rashidun Caliphate (632-661 A.D) and the Umayyad Caliphate (661-750 A.D), the Abbasid Caliphate (750 to 1258 A.D ) was the third successor to the Islamic ruling. The bureaucratic achievements of the Barmakids were accompanied by cultural and artistic endeavors. The early Abbasid Caliphate was an important period for Islam. The Abbasid Caliphate first centred its government in Kufa, modern-day Iraq, but in 762 the caliph Al-Mansur founded the city of Baghdad, near the ancient Sasanian capital city of Ctesiphon. The dynasty, based in Baghdad, ruled over a vast Empire, stretching from the Indus Valley and Southern Russia to the East to Tunisia in the West; and presided over an age of brilliant cultural achievements. Caliphate - Caliphate - The ʿAbbāsid caliphate: The ʿAbbāsids, descendants of an uncle of Muhammad, owed the success of their revolt in large part to their appeal to various pietistic, extremist, or merely disgruntled groups and in particular to the aid of the Shiʿah, who held that the Caliphate belonged by right to the descendants of ʿAlī. The collapse of the Umayyad Caliphate ushered in the golden age of the Abbasid Dynasty. After seizing power from the Umayyad Dynasty in 750 CE, the Abbasids became the new leaders of the Islamic community. The Abbasid Caliphate was a major dynasty that ruled over the Islamic Empire during its peak. Upon the overthrowing of the Umayyads rulers in 750 A.D, the Umayyad’s family fled to AL- Andalus (the modern day Spain and Portugal) and they ruled the Islamic West for about six centuries. Mathmatics Muslim Civilization of the Middle East During the Abbasid empire Baghdad became the intellectual hub and so called center of the word.

During the time of the Abbasids, the caliph was usually the son (or other closest male relative) of the previous Caliph. Damascus was the political, commercial, and cultural center of the Umayyad Dynasty. The men of the Barmakid family that served during the Abbasid caliphate were patrons of poetry and they contributed to the architectural grandeur of Baghdad during the early Abbasid period by building numerous palaces.
This era produced greater advancements in arts, science, and architecture. Abbasid caliphate, second of the two great dynasties of the Muslim empire of the caliphate. Abbasid architecture developed in the Abbasid Caliphate between 750 and 945, primarily in its heartland of Mesopotamia.The Abbasids evolved distinctive styles of their own, particularly in decoration of their buildings. Under the Abbasids the capital of the caliphate was moved from Damascus to the new city of Baghdad. They assumed the caliphal title after ousting the ruling Umayyad Dynasty, hence serving as the second of the Islamic Caliphates (632-1924 CE, intermittently). It was during this period that a beautiful and distinctive style of art and architecture emerged that spread throughout Muslim lands.

While the Abbasids lost control of large parts of their empire after 870, their architecture continued to be copied by successor states in Iran, Egypt and North Africa The Abbasid Caliphate was the second Islamic caliphate.
However, when the Umayyad family was ousted from power and the Abbasids rose to prominence, the center of […]
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